Blessed are the Peacemakers, for they shall be called the children of God. . . . The slogan posted outside an Air Force base I once drove by proclaimed: "Peace is Our Business." What kind of peace did Jesus have in mind? How does one go about being a peacemaker? It seemed like a nice idea, but quite vague. Actually, at the time he said them, Jesus' words were anything but ambiguous. They were a direct challenge to the ruling, Roman ideology. Like other words he uttered that might sound innocuous today, these blessings were a taunt hurled at the foreign rulers of his homeland and their domestic supporters. The empire's main claim to fame and legitimacy was that Rome, and Rome alone, was the peacemaker.

Harvey Cox, When Jesus Came to Harvard