Eid al-Ghadeer (Feast of the Pond), also called Eid Allah al-Akbar (the greatest Eid of God), occurs on the 18th day of Dhu al-Hijjah, the twelfth and last month of the Islamic year. Shia Muslims celebrate this day as the anniversary of the Prophet Mohammad’s proclamation that his cousin and son-in-law Ali Ibn Abu Talib would be his successor. Many Shia Muslims commemorate this day by fasting; attending lectures; studying the life and teachings of the Prophet Muhammad, including his last sermon at Ghadir Qum; studying the life of Ali Ibn Abu Talib; and spending time offering extra prayers. As with all Islamic holy days, this holiday is a time to practice gratitude, charity, devotion, service, and forgiveness.
To Name this Day:
Forty Ahadith on Ghadir by Mahmud Sharifi and translated by Shaykh Saleem Bhimji relates the event of Ghadeer Qum and forty hadith (sayings of the Prophet Muhammad) about it.
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Fasting on the day of Eid al-Ghadeer is highly recommended.
- Recite Ziyarah Amin Allah, the prayer associated with visiting the shrine of Imam Ali.
- Recite Du'a al-Nudba, which is a highly recommended prayer for every Friday and every Eid.