"Reverence for life affords me my fundamental principle of morality," said Albert Schweitzer, a true citizen of the world, born on this day in 1875. By 1913, he had become three times a doctor — of philosophy, of theology, and of medicine.

Schweitzer began his career as a musician giving organ concerts throughout Europe, but after reading accounts of inhumane treatment of African natives by white people, he decided to work in Africa. In Gabon, he founded a mission hospital where he patiently served the people. In 1947, Life magazine called him "The Greatest Man in the World," and our friend Frederick Franck, an artist and philosopher, saw him as an "exemplar of the truly human." In 1953, Schweitzer received the Nobel Peace Prize. He used the money to build a leper colony for those who were rejected by their communities.

It was while traveling down the Ogowe River in 1915 that he saw a herd of hippopotamuses and embraced the ideal of "reverence for life." It enabled him to expand his circle of compassion from family, friends, and co-workers to plants, animals, and all creation. This spiritual stance wipes away old divisions and creates pathways of cooperation and empathy. Near the end of his life, Schweitzer corresponded with world leaders about the nuclear arms race and the need for world peace. He died in 1965.

To Name this Day:


  • On Service
    "I don't know what your destiny will be, but one thing I know. The only ones among you who will truly be happy are those who have sought and found how to serve."
  • On The Affirmation of Life
    "Affirmation of life is the spiritual act by which a man ceases to live unreflectively and begins to devote himself to his life with reverence in order to raise it to its true value. To affirm life is to deepen, to make more inward, and to exalt the will to live."
  • One Big Family
    "You don't live in a world all alone. Your brothers are here too."
  • The Ethic of Reverence for Life
    "The ethic of Reverence for Life comprehends within itself everything that can be described as love, devotion, and sympathy whether in suffering, joy, or effort."
  • On True Joy
    "The small amount you are able to do is actually much if it only relieves pain, suffering, and fear from any living being be it human or any other creature. The preservation of life is the true joy."


Albert Schweitzer: Called to Africa, a tribute to this extraordinary humanitarian which blends interviews and reenactments of incidents in his life.


Albert Schweitzer: Essential Writings, selected with an introduction by James Brabazon, gathers materials from the writings of this gifted visionary.

Spiritual Practices

Bowing is a traditional act of reverence. Show your reverence for life — for a person or an animal — by making a physical bow or an inner bow.

For more resources on the practice of reverence, visit the curated content in S&P's Reverence Project.